Describe their differences in material, function, and decoration, and suggest reasons for these differences.

oThe Romans mastered the structural and decorative use of arch and the wall, called the fornixsystem of ornamentation. Using an illustrative sketch with notations, and citing two examples (e.g.,the interior of the Pantheon in Rome; the exterior of the Colosseum in Rome; or thecella, the Temple of Bacchus, Baalbek, or any triumphal architecture), explain what this fornix system of ornamentation is and how the Romans used it.oThe layout of a site conveys a great deal of information about how a site was used and is often a tool that designers use to guide the experience of a site. Choose two sites from Units1 to4that demonstrate two different patterns of circulation. Sketch the two plans and, in a written description, take your reader on a “tour” of each. Use “comparative” language (i.e.,“while this one does this, that one does that”). This tour should demonstrate the differences in purpose of the two sites.
oSketch four different lintels found in four monuments in the six units of this course. Describe their differences in material, function, and decoration, and suggest reasons for these differences.
oThe Great Caitya caves in Karli, India (Unit 2) are said to be exercises in “negative space,” meaning they were built using a subtractive construction method. Use a sketch to demonstrate how negative space is created, with accompanying explanatory text. You can refer to other forms of art or architecture to help illustrate the concept. Then explain how negative space is appropriate for a Buddhist temple, consulting plans and drawings of the site and specific caves.

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